Toradex Colibri iMX7 Dual 1GB


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Board description

The Colibri iMX7S and Colibri iMX7D are SODIMM-sized System on Modules (SoMs) based on the NXP i.MX 7Solo and i.MX 7Dual SoCs respectively.

Arm Cortex-A7 cores are highly optimized for energy efficiency while delivering high performance. Advanced security features make the Colibri iMX7 a great choice for connected devices.

Typical applications include power-sensitive edge computing devices, IoT gateways, medical devices, industrial automation and many more. The NXP i.MX 7 uses an asymmetric, heterogeneous multicore processing system with a Cortex-M4 core that runs at up to 200MHz.

102958-colibriimx7d-top-view

URL: https://www.toradex.com/computer-on-modules/colibri-arm-family/nxp-freescale-imx7
Wiki: https://developer.toradex.com/products/colibri-imx7

Test results

The Yocto Project releases in the table below have been tested by the Mender community. Please update it if you have tested this integration on other Yocto Project releases:

Yocto Project Build Runtime
rocko (2.4) :test_works: :test_works:

Build Means that the Yocto Project build using this Mender integration completes without errors and outputs images.
Runtime Means that Mender has been verified to work on the board. For U-Boot-based boards, the integration checklist has been verified.

Getting started

Prerequisites

  • A supported Linux distribution and dependencies installed on your workstation/laptop as described in the Yocto Mega Manual
    • NOTE. Instructions depend on which Yocto version you intend to use.
  • Google repo tool installed and in your PATH .

Configuring the build

Setup Yocto environment

Set the Yocto Project branch you are building for:

# set to your branch, make sure it is supported (see table above)
export BRANCH="rocko"

Create a directory for your mender-toradex setup to live in and clone the
meta information.

mkdir mender-toradex && cd mender-toradex

Initialize repo manifest:

repo init -u https://github.com/mendersoftware/meta-mender-community \
           -m meta-mender-toradex-nxp/scripts/manifest-toradex.xml \
           -b ${BRANCH}

Fetch layers in manifest:

repo sync

Setup build environment

Initialize the build environment:

source setup-environment toradex-nxp

NOTE! You need to accept the Freescale EULA at ‘…/sources/meta-freescale/EULA’. Please read it and in case you accept it, add:

ACCEPT_FSL_EULA = "1"

in your local.conf.

Configure Mender server URL (optional)

This section is not required for a successful build but images that are generated by default are only suitable for usage with the Mender client in Standalone deployments, due to lack of server configuration.

You can edit the conf/local.conf file to provide your Mender server configuration, ensuring the generated images and Mender Artifacts are connecting to the Mender server that you are using. There should already be a commented section in the generated conf/local.conf file and you can simply uncomment the relevant configuration options and assign appropriate values to them.

Build for Hosted Mender:

# To get your tenant token:
#    - log in to https://hosted.mender.io
#    - click your email at the top right and then "My organization"
#    - press the "COPY TO CLIPBOARD"
#    - assign content of clipboard to MENDER_TENANT_TOKEN
#
MENDER_SERVER_URL = "https://hosted.mender.io"
MENDER_TENANT_TOKEN = "<copy token here>"

Build for Mender demo server:

# https://docs.mender.io/getting-started/create-a-test-environment
#
# Update IP address to match the machine running the Mender demo server
MENDER_DEMO_HOST_IP_ADDRESS = "192.168.0.100"

Building the image

You can now proceed with building an image:

MACHINE=colibri-imx7-emmc bitbake core-image-base

Replace core-image-base with your desired image target.

Using the build output

After a successful build, the images and build artifacts are:

  • tmp/deploy/images/colibri-imx7-emmc/core-image-base-colibri-imx7-emmc.sdimg.gz
  • tmp/deploy/images/colibri-imx7-emmc/core-image-base-colibri-imx7-emmc.mender
  • tmp/deploy/images/colibri-imx7-emmc/u-boot-nand.imx

The disk image (with .sdimg.gz suffix) is used to provision the device storage for devices without Mender running already.

The u-boot-nand.imx file is used to provision the device with a Mender compatible U-Boot.

On the other hand, if you already have Mender running on your device and want to deploy a rootfs update using this build, you should use the Mender Artifact files, which have .mender suffix. You can either deploy this Artifact in managed mode with the Mender server as described in Deploy to physical devices or by using the Mender client only in Standalone deployments.

Flash instructions

Based on the output artifacts described above we need to flash the u-boot-nand.imx and core-image-base-colibri-imx7-emmc.sdimg.gz separately to fully provision an device and for it to work with Mender.

Prerequisite:

  • Colibri Evaluation V3.2B carrier board
  • Colibri iMX7D 1GB V1.1A SOM inserted in above
  • USB cable connected to console port (X27) and PC
  • USB cable connected to OTG USB port (X29) and PC
  • Ethernet cable connected to RJ45 (X17) on same network as PC
  • TFT server running on PC
  • Copy u-boot.imx and Console-Image-colibri-imx7-emmc.sdimg.gz to your TFT server directory

Put SoM in recovery mode based on instruction found on Toradex developer page.

You should be able to see a new USB device enumerate on the PC if it was successful:

$ lsusb | grep 15a2
Bus 003 Device 011: ID 15a2:0076 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.

Clone flash-utils:

git clone git@gitlab.com:terberg-automotive/imx7-flash-utils.git

Change directory to imx7-flash-utils

cd imx7-flash-utils

Copy u-boot.imx which was part of the Yocto/OE-core build output to imx7-flash-utils

cp ../oe-core/build/tmp-glibc/deploy/images/colibri-imx7-emmc/u-boot.imx .

Transfer u-boot.imx to RAM and execute it. NOTE! This requires you to halt the boot process in U-boot otherwise it will continue with the normal boot flow and requires a level of swiftness since the bootdelay is only 2 seconds:

sudo ./imx_usb u-boot.imx

You should now have the U-boot prompt on your serial console:

Colibri iMX7 #

The following commands are all executed from the U-boot prompt.

Setup convenience script to calculate number of blocks based on file size:

setenv set_blkcnt 'setexpr blkcnt ${filesize} + 0x1ff && setexpr blkcnt ${blkcnt} / 0x200'

Setup TFT server IP address in U-boot:

setenv serverip 192.168.128.122

Setup client IP address in U-boot:

setenv ipaddr 192.168.128.170

Transfer U-boot using TFTP and write to eMMC:

tftpboot ${loadaddr} u-boot.imx && run set_blkcnt && mmc dev 0 1 && mmc write ${loadaddr} 2 ${blkcnt}

Transfer disk image to RAM using TFTP:

tftpboot ${loadaddr} Console-Image-colibri-imx7-emmc.sdimg.gz

Write disk image to eMMC:

gzwrite mmc 0 $loadaddr 0x$filesize

That is it, you can now power-cycle or reset the device and you should have
a Mender compatible image running on your device with the Mender client.

References

Known issues