Variscite VAR-SOM-MX8M-NANO : NXP i.MX 8M Nano

Board description

The VAR-SOM-MX8M-NANO is a cost-optimized System on Module based on NXP’s i.MX 8M Nano, 1.5GHz Quad-core Cortex-A53™ plus 650MHz Cortex-M7™. The SoM offers an ideal solution for cost-sensitive designs that require power-efficiency and high-performance graphics as well as for general-purpose applications.

This highly integrated platform’s connectivity options include certified single-band 802.11 b/g/n or dual-band 802.11 ac/a/b/g/n, BT4.2/BLE, GbE and USB2.0. Furthermore, the system supports full -40 to 85C industrial operating temperatures, Vivante GC7000UL GPU, LVDS and DSI.

The VAR-SOM-MX8M-NANO is a member of the ‘VAR-SOM Pin2pin’ product family, providing a maximum scalability range; from the entry-level i.MX6UL/6ULL platform, through the i.MX 6 platforms, I.MX 8M-MINI, i.MX 8X up to the i.MX 8QuadMax.

The VAR-SOM-MX8M-NANO Development Kit and Starter Kit can serve as a complete development platform for both evaluation and application development purposes. The kits provide a great showcase of the VAR-SOM-MX8M-NANO connectivity features and performance.

Test results

The Yocto Project releases in the table below have been tested by the Mender community. Please update it if you have tested this integration on other Yocto Project releases:

SD Card Root Filesystem

Yocto Project Build Runtime
sumo (2.5) :test_works: :test_works:

eMMC Root Filesystem

Yocto Project Build Runtime
sumo (2.5) :test_works: :test_works:

Build Means that the Yocto Project build using this Mender integration completes without errors and outputs images.
Runtime Means that Mender has been verified to work on the board. For U-Boot-based boards, the integration checklist has been verified.

Getting started

Prerequisites

  • A supported Linux distribution and dependencies installed on your workstation/laptop as described in the Yocto Mega Manual
    • NOTE. Instructions depend on which Yocto version you intend to use.
  • Google repo tool installed and in your PATH.

Configuring the build

Setup Yocto environment

Set the Yocto Project branch you are building for:

# set to your branch, make sure it is supported (see table above)
export BRANCH="sumo"

Create a directory for your mender-variscite setup to live in and clone the
meta information.

mkdir mender-variscite && cd mender-variscite

Initialize repo manifest:

repo init -u https://github.com/varigit/variscite-bsp-platform.git -b fsl-sumo -m imx-4.14.98-2.3.1-var01.xml
mkdir .repo/local_manifests
cd .repo/local_manifests/
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/mendersoftware/meta-mender-community/$BRANCH/scripts/mender-no-setup.xml
cd -

Fetch layers in manifest:

repo sync
cd .repo/local_manifests/
ln -sf ../../sources/meta-mender-community/scripts/mender-no-setup.xml .
cd -

Determine root filesystem media

The Variscite VAR-SOM-MX8M-NANO platform supports running U-Boot directly from the following media:

  • SD-Card
  • eMMC

The root filesystem can be stored on any of the following media:

  • SD-Card
  • eMMC

Set the shell variable for your desired root filesystem media:

export MEDIA="sdcard"
export MEDIA="emmc"

Setup build environment

Initialize the build environment:

MACHINE=imx8mn-var-som DISTRO=fsl-imx-xwayland . var-setup-release.sh -b build
cat ../sources/meta-mender-community/meta-mender-variscite/templates/bblayers.conf.append >> conf/bblayers.conf
cat ../sources/meta-mender-community/templates/local.conf.append >> conf/local.conf
cat ../sources/meta-mender-community/meta-mender-variscite/templates/local.conf.append >> conf/local.conf
cat ../sources/meta-mender-community/meta-mender-variscite/templates/local-${MEDIA}.conf.append >> conf/local.conf

Building the image

You can now proceed with building an image:

bitbake core-image-base

Replace core-image-base with your desired image target.

Using the build output

SD Card

Provision an SD Card with the built above. WARNING, make sure you use the correct device node as the of= parameter to avoid overwriting the wrong device:

sudo dd if=tmp/deploy/images/imx8mn-var-som/core-image-base-imx8mn-var-som.sdimg of=<SDCARD-DEVICE-NODE>

Remove the SD Card from your build host and insert it into the target. Configure your board to boot from SD Card by moving the Boot Select switch (also labeled as SW3 ) to the SD position. Now turn on power to the board and it will boot from the SDCard and Mender will connect to the server configured in your local.conf file.

eMMC

Using either the above built SDCard Yocto image or the Variscite Yocto Recovery SD card, boot your system off of SD. Transfer the following file from your build PC to the target board with a USB drive:

  • tmp/deploy/images/imx8mn-var-som/core-image-base-imx8mn-var-som.sdimg

Assuming the USB drive is mounted on the target at /mnt, run the following commands:

sudo dd if=/mnt/core-image-base-imx8mn-var-som.sdimg of=/dev/mmcblk0 bs=8M
halt

Then change the Boot Select switch (also labeled as SW3 ) to the Internal position and power cycle your board.

On the other hand, if you already have Mender running on your device and want to deploy a rootfs update using this build, you should use the Mender Artifact files, which have .mender suffix. You can either deploy this Artifact in managed mode with the Mender server (upload it under Releases in the server UI) or by using the Mender client only in Standalone deployments.

References

  • The Variscite imx8m-var-dart template files can be found in meta-mender-community.
  • The official Mender documentation explains how Mender works. This is simply a board-specific complement to the official documentation.

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